Canada Permanent Residency
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Canada permanent residency (PR) is granted to an individual who applies to immigrate to Canada from another country after meeting the required criteria stated by the Canadian government. To acquire and maintain Canada PR an immigrant needs to fulfill residency obligations. If you want to know how to move to Canada, keep reading to have a complete idea of Canada immigration.

How to get a permanent residency card in Canada?

Once individuals pass through the Canadian immigration requirements with an approved Canada PR, they become eligible to receive a permanent resident card. Most Canadian PR cards are valid for five years, but they could be valid for one year in a few cases.

The document is considered valid to enter Canada. All permanent resident Canada is recommended to obtain and use this card. The card permits residents to travel abroad and prove Canadian citizenship if needed.

An immigrant who just passed their Canada permanent residency does not have to apply for a PR card. They will receive it at their registered mail address. However, if their card gets stolen, expires, or is destroyed, they have to replace or renew their card.

Canada Permanent Residency Eligibility Criteria

Meeting the criteria as given below makes an individual most eligible for Canada PR:

1.AgeIndividuals within the age of 18 and 35 get the most preferred and maximum points
2.EducationEducation qualification must be at par with higher secondary education in Canada or above
3.Work experienceOne year of full-time work experience in an organization is a minimum requirement to apply for Canada PR
4.Language abilityThe minimum result of 6 bands in the International English Language Testing System (IELTS)
5.Adaptability10 extra points for a common-law partner or spouse applying for Canada PR
6.Arranged employment10 additional points are granted if an individual receives a job offer from Canada

You will likely receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA) after submitting an Express Entry application if you meet the maximum of the criteria mentioned above. If you are applying for Canada PR and do not meet the above requirements, you must re-evaluate the program you choose to apply through.

Permanent Resident Canada Processing Time

The Express Entry program is the quickest and easiest way to process Canada PR. The entire process completes within six months. However, after receiving ITA for PR Visa, the average time taken is around five to eight months.

Canada Permanent Resident Card Renewal Process

Purchase an application package from the official website of the Canadian government to have a detailed insight into all the forms you need. The website shares a PDF named Document Checklist that includes all the details you need to provide. When applying for a new card, you need to share a photocopy of the card that has expired.

If the PR card is stolen or damaged, you need to share your current passport details or the one you possessed before receiving PR status. Along with these, you require two standardized photos, documents mentioned in the checklist, a photocopy of the processing fee receipt, and a solemn declaration.

The solemn declaration is necessary if the card is stolen, lost, damaged, or not received within 180 days from completing Canadian immigration.

After completing the documentation process, pay the application fees. For this, you require a PDF reader, printer, email ID, debit/credit card. Please print the receipt after processing the application.

Finally, submit the application after answering all questions. Make sure you sign every application and form. Include the receipt and other supporting documents as required.

Popular Immigration Options to become permanent Canadian Resident

Express Entry is the fastest online immigration application system for Canada permanent residency. Aspirants need to submit their profile as a skilled immigrant. Those who score the highest points by meeting the given criteria received an Invitation to Apply for Canada PR.

There are two immigration programs for business immigration in Canada – Self-employed persons and Start-up Visa program. One determines an individual who wishes to expand his existing business ventures in Canada and the other to start a new business in Canada. The eligibility criteria differ from one to another.

3. Family class immigration

One can apply for family class immigration if they are sponsored to stay in Canada by a relative who is a citizen of Canada or has permanent residency.

4. Canadian experience class

When skilled workers with existing Canadian work experience wish to apply for PR, they can choose this program. The minimum eligibility is 1 year of full-time work in Canada.

If individuals want permanent residency in a specific Canadian province, they have to apply for the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP). Note that Nunavut and Quebec provinces have exclusive programs where applications must be sent separately and not under general Canada PNP.


The official website of the Canadian government shares a detailed process for permanent residence application Canada. You have to fill a form and complete the entire identification and authentication process to be eligible to receive ITA from Canada.
Canada residency obligations state that an immigrant with a permanent residency card valid for five years needs to stay in the country for 730 days. This means an immigrant has to spend at least two years out of five years and assess the same on a rolling basis. The obligation alternative permits a Canadian immigrant to stay three years outside Canada.
The Express Entry program is the easiest way to process Canadian immigration for aspiring individuals who want permanent residency. It is the fastest process for skilled workers and takes six months to get approval if eligible.
If you are a student studying in Canada for one year, you can apply for permanent residency to obtain a Post Graduate Work Permit once you complete the study program. Upon approval, you can gain work experience in Canada that will enhance the chances of improving an Express Entry profile to meet the required Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score.

Canada permanent residency can be easy if you target a particular state relevant to job opportunities that suit your career. While going through your application, you will have the upper hand to crack through the approval and receive an invite. 

For example, a person from a finance background will be best suited to settle in Nova Scotia, and a person from a tech background would prefer to settle in Ontario. Alberta, however, is considered the ideal state as it does not have a particular occupation list. Thus, applying to this province is the easiest.

If an immigrant is proven guilty of lying in their PR application, they can be deported from Canada. They might also be subject to conviction and lose their permanent residency forever.

Canada permanent residency remains valid even if your PR card expires. You might not be able to avail a few services within your province without the card until you renew it.

If you plan to leave Canada, you will require a valid card to return to the country on a commercial vehicle. If you want to travel abroad but do not have a valid PR card, you need to apply for a new one, obtain it, and then travel outside.

One of the benefits of receiving Canada permanent residency is being eligible for free education up to Grade 12. Until a child is 18 years old, they do not need to pay educational fees. Moreover, tuition fees are comparatively cheap for residents when studying in a university for higher education.

When the Canada Revenue Agency acknowledges an immigrant as a factual or deemed resident, that individual is obligated to file for income tax. The individual has to share all relevant documents related to their income worldwide. Every taxpayer is permitted to claim a deduction and non-refundable tax credit applicable to them.

If you lose your Canada PR card while residing in Canada, the first step is to call Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) by dialing 1-888-242-2100. A customer care executive will immediately attend to your call and take necessary actions. The executive will guide you through replacing your card online by filling out a form on the official website of the Canadian government. You will be charged CAD50 for a new card.

Yes, Canadian permanent residents can legally start a business in the country. The initiative is treated in the same way as any other Canadian citizen.

Canada permanent residency is a legal status that permits immigrants to live and work anywhere in Canada legally. However, a Canadian work permit is an authorization received by an individual to work in Canada for a specified period while living as a non-Canadian resident.

Canada permanent residency requires renewal every five years. An individual must reside in Canada for 730 days, approximately two years during the five years. Thus, one can maintain Canada PR status even if they spend around three years outside Canada.